Denmark has a number of characteristics that distinguish it from its northern European neighbours. Denmark has 406 islands and 7314 km of coastline. The highest point in the country is only 170 metres above sea level, and the average wind speed is 7.6 metres per second, which explains why Denmark is one of the world's largest exporters of wind turbines.
Denmark is one of the world's oldest monarchies with a history that stretches back to the Viking Age around the year 1000. Danish society rests on the foundation of the Danish Constitution of 1849, and the political system has since been characterised by broad solutions across the political divide. Denmark is often cited as one of the world's best countries to live in. The strong welfare state ensures economic equality in society and the virtual non-existence of corruption, while polls repeatedly show that the Danes are among the happiest people in the world.
The word ‘Denmark’ dates back to the Viking age and is carved on the famous Jelling Stone from around 900 AD. Between the 13th and 17th centuries, Denmark was a superpower whose influence was as powerful as that of the largest European countries. Today, the current size and influence of Denmark is the result of 400 years of forced relinquishments of land, surrenders and lost battles. For a small country though, Denmark still punches above its weight in many different areas including design, architecture, farming, green technology and pharmaceuticals.
Facts and Statistics:Population:
43,098 square kilometres
126,4 per square kilometre
Copenhagen 1,213,822 (2012)
Other major cities:
Aarhus 252,213 - Odense 168,798 - Aalborg 126,556 (2012)
Form of state:
Source: Denmark.dk - The Official Website of Denmark
A Fairytale Monarchy
”There lived once a great queen, in whose garden were found, at all seasons, the most splendid flowers, and from every land in the world. She specially loved roses, and therefore she possessed the most beautiful varieties of this flower, from the wild hedge-rose, with its apple-scented leaves, to the splendid Provence rose. They grew near the shelter of the walls, wound themselves round columns and window-frames, and crept along passages and over the ceilings of the halls. They were of every fragrance and colour.”
Thus begins Hans Christian Andersen’s fairytale ”The loveliest rose in the world”. The essence of the fairytale is The Rose as symbol of love.